High performance computing in the state of Baden-Württemberg has a long tradition. The current implementation concept for Baden-Württemberg's high performance computing (aka bwHPC) aims for
- the implementation of HPC clusters according the following performance pyramid, whereas HPC clusters are classified with respect to peak performance and scalability:
- permeability of the different HPC tiers
- differentiation/customization of tier 3 resources to the requirements of scientific areas
- providing HPC support at all tiers, e.g. via HPC competence centers.
The HPC entrance level, i.e., tier 3, will consist of the bwUniCluster (bw = Baden-Württemberg, Uni = Universal/University) and 4 bwForClusters (For = Forschung, German for Research). The latter ones will be customized for scientific areas, i.e., bwHPC domains, according to bwHPC. Funding of bwUniCluster by the ministry of science, research and arts (MWK) of Baden-Württemberg and 9 universities was approved in 2012 while funding of all bwForClusters were approved by the DFG and MWK Baden-Württemberg in 2013 and 2015, respectively:
|Tier 3||Operational since||Scientific areas, i.e., bwHPC domains|
|bwUniCluster||January 2014||Teaching; General purpose excl. scientific areas, i.e., bwHPC domains, of the bwForCluster|
|bwForCluster JUSTUS||December 2014|| Theoretical Chemistry;
Condensed Matter Physics;
|bwForCluster MLS&WISO||December 2015|| Computational Humanities;
Structural and Systems Biology;
|bwForCluster NEMO||September 2016|| Particle Physics;
|bwForCluster BinAC||November 2016|| Bioinformatics;
The HPC tier 2 will consist of the ForHLR funded in equal shares by the Federal Republic of Germany and the state of Baden-Württemberg in Germany. The ForHLR supports in particular interdisciplinary topics related to environment, energy and material science and nanotechnology. ForHLR Phase I and ForHLR Phase II at SCC/KIT has been operational since September 2014 and March 2016, respectively.
Baden-Württemberg's HPC tier 1 and 0 consists of the Hazel Hen at HLRS/University of Stuttgart which is one of the 3 national high performance computer centers in Germany and funded by the national project PetaGCS and the state of Baden-Württemberg in Germany.